SUTRA PIC India program. A program by the government of India for research on Indigenous cow.
This program will carry out scientific research on prime products from Indigenous cows. Applications for research from R&D Institutions, NGOs, etc. have already started.
SUTRA PIC full form
As all the schemes and program in India has a specific meaning behind their name, this also has.
SUTRA PIC full form is Scientific Utilization through Research Augmentation-Prime Products from Indigenous Cows.
Ministeries involved in this Program
SUTRA PIC India program is led by the Department of Science and Technology (under the Ministry of Science and Technology).
Other Partners in this program are-
- Department of Biotechnology (DBT),
- Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR),
- Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR),
- Ministry of Ayush,
- Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE),
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), and
- Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
Five themes of SUTRA PIC India Program
This program is going to work along 5 different themes.
First, Uniqueness of Indigenous Cows
Indian cows or desi cows have unique qualities and characteristics. they can survive in very difficult conditions like they are tick resistant, heat tolerance and ability to flourish with inadequate food.
Thus, this theme covers the scientific research of the uniqueness of Indian cow breeds.
Second, Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Medicine and Health
Cowpathy, a word used in Ayurveda for treatment based on prime products from Indigenous cows.
Indigenous cows have many pharmacological applications such as treatment of the dietary disorder, gastro-intestinal tract disorders, diarrhea, cancer, diabetes, blood pressure, asthma, acidity, itching, heart attack, blockage in arteries, etc.
So, the primary focus of this theme is the scientific research of chemical profiling, use as antibiotics and anticancer drugs, and other medicinal properties of Prime-products from Indigenous Cows.
Third, Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Agricultural Applications
Farmers are using cow dung and urine for agricultural activities as they are rich in microbial communities.
So, this theme will carry out scientific research for the role of cow dung and urine on plant growth, soil health, application as manure and biopesticides.
Fourth, Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Food and Nutrition
We all know about the healthy and nutritious cow milk, curd and ghee. It is also believed that these products help in weight management too.
Thus, this theme is to carry out research on the nutritional and therapeutic properties of curd and ghee, characterization of cow milk and milk products, etc.
Fifth, Prime-products from indigenous cows-based utility items
There are other possibilities for developing utility products like mosquito repellent, shampoo, food cleaner, hail oil, conditioners, etc.
In other words, this theme is concerned with the development of sustainable, economical and eco-friendly preparation of utility products by using Indigenous cow prime products.
Also read: Urban Heat Island Effect